throughout — повсюду
Catholics — католики
in various ways — по-разному
the evergreen tree — вечнозеленое дерево
to trim — украшать
tinsel — блёстки, мишура
Christmas Eve — сочельник
Boxing Day — день рождественских подарков (26 декабря)
carol — веселая песня; гимн
a turkey — индейка
mashed potatoes — картофельное пюре
cranberry sauce — клюквенный соус
a plum — слива
pumpkin pie — тыквенный пирог
Christmas is Christian holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus Christ. For millions of Christians throughout the world it is the happiest and the busiest time of the year. This holiday means the beginning of the New Year and the new life.
Catholics celebrate Christmas on the 25th of December. English-speaking people love the tradition of celebrating Christmas (or X-mas).
It is a family holiday. It is great to walk in the city streets before Christmas. Everywhere you can see slogans «A Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year». It is interesting to visit the shops before this holiday. There are a lot of nice Christmas cards and presents there. People buy presents for each other, try to send Christmas cards for their relatives and friends.
For many years in Britain the day to give presents was December 26th and not Christmas Day as it is today. Now we know December 26th as Boxing Day.
People of different countries celebrate Christmas in various ways. English and American people celebrate this holiday with the evergreen tree — Christmas tree. A Christmas tree is one of the main symbols of Christmas in most homes. Relatives and friends may join in trimming the tree with lights, tinsel, and colourful ornaments. Presents are placed under the tree. On Christmas Eve or Christmas morning, families open their presents.
Many children believe that Santa Claus arrives on Christmas Eve in a sleigh pulled by a reindeer and brings presents. Some children hang up stockings so Santa Claus can fill them with candy, fruit and other small gifts.
In many parts of the United States and Canada groups of people walk from house to house and sing Christmas carols. Some people give singers money or small gifts or invite them for a warm drink.
Many people attend church services on Christmas Eve or Christmas morning. They listen to readings from Bible and singing Christmas carols.
The traditional dinner on Christmas is a turkey and mashed potatoes, cranberry sauce and a variety of other dishes. Favourite desserts are pumpkin pie, plum pudding, and fruitcake.